The 37 variables of Millennia2015 - Analysis and answers to the questionnaires
Les 37 variables de Millennia2015 - Analyses et réponses aux questionnaires
V01 - Women, access to information and to knowledge
V01 - Femmes, accès à l´information et au savoir
Author - Auteur-e : First name - Prénom - Name - Nom
A01 - Definition of the variable - Définition de la variable
Women - Access to Information & Knowledge - in Australia and in the United Kingdom (i live in both) generally women have good opportunities to access information and knowledge through the internet, through government reports, through the print, broadcasting (television and radio) and other techological media - internet, social networking sites, etc. however, there are regional problems - particularly in australia vis-a-vis access to the internet. there are also issues of reluctance, on the part of some women (often to do with older age) to ´learn´ how to access the internet. i have found this a lot with some older women, although when one speaks enthusiastically with them about the positive aspects of internet access, particularly for e-mail, keeping in touch with family and friends, etc, they become enthused, too. there are problems of language, too: women whose first language is not english sometimes have difficulty because they are not encouraged, or are actively discouraged, by husbands from learning english. in australia and in the united kingdom government information is often distributed in languages other than english - particularly for women because a lot of effort has been put into this by women´s organisations and ethnic organisations.
A02 - Retrospective assessment - Constat rétrospectif
the internet and its capacity to increase access to information and knowledge has definitely had a positive impact on women´s empowerment both in australia and in the united kingdom in the last 10 and 20 years. there has been a real push by governments to get computer access ´out there´. women in australia have been advantaged by members of parliament who are sympathetic to the need to get access to information through the internet, and have enabled women to access the internet through their electorate offices. in the united kingdom, some local libraries (for example, cambridge) are excellent in enabling access to computers - free - so that people can get access to the internet for at least on hour per day. i would suspect this is also the case in australia with some local libraries at least, although i have not experienced that myself. the threat in both australia and the united kingdom to make libraries ´charge´ for their services is extremely concerning. in the united kingdom at present there is a huge threat to local library services and campaigns are being run to preserve local libraries. this is extremely important because local libraries and their accessibility - not only to the internet, but to newspapers and books - is always crucial for women.
A03 - Actual or emerging trends - Tendances actuelles et émergentes
the prospect of moving to voting through the internet is extremely disturbing. this is being raised in australia and in the united kingdom. robert f. kennedy jnr wrote a good article about this after the kerry/bush presidential election in the usa, pointing out the ways in which this process can be interfered with (as it was during that election and the one before - bush vs gore). it is also concerning that both in the united kingdom and in australia governments are moving more and more to a position where they are assuming it is ´fine´ to have information available online only, and not to do print copies of reports, etc. this is really bad because although lots of women do use the internet, it remains the case that some (as above - generally older) women are reluctant to use it or don´t have access, and women in remote regions will be denied the information, too, if governments restrict themselves to internet/online distribution of information only.
A04 - Uncertainty and discontinuities - Incertitudes et ruptures
if women cannot get information then women are denied proper, fair, just and rights to participate effectively in the polity. also note, when i say ´information´ i mean accurate information. one of the problems here is that some people say they want ´information´ as if that is the whole issue. it isn´t. we need *accurate* information. we don´t need ´information´ that is distorted, deceptive, etc etc however unfortunately this is what is served up to women too often. we cannot make contributions that are effective unless we have access to *good*, *clear*, *accurate* information from government, business, the public and private sectors as a whole. we need to be able to respond accurately and effectively to government requests for our opinion (as for example in the current uk government inquiry into how it can best serve women through what mechanism - since the abolition of the women´s advisory body when the government changed in the united kingdom). we cannot do this if we don´t know the inquiry is happening (as is the case with many women here in the united kingdom). we cannot respond effectively if we don´t know what the issues are. also, we need clear, cogent and accurate information in order to ´fight back´ when wrong-headed policies are being proposed or implemented.
A05 - Possible assumptions of evolution - Hypothèses possibles d´évolution
if all women can get access to the internet to gain information and knowledge, then this will certainly improve women´s empowerment and women´s effectiveness in leading positive changes for women and the whole of society. one of the problems here, however, is if we are cut off from access - as is the case in some countries - then we need to revive our abilities to communicate with each other individually and through our organisations. this is why we should not become wholly dependent upon internet communications and telephone hookups and social networks. we need to keep meeting ´face to face´ through conferences, meetings etc. this is extremely important also for feedback, interaction, enthusiasm and staying in touch. we need to be able to ´spark off´ one another. to a certain extent this can be done through e-mail, discussion lists, social network sites. however, these have their limits and the energy, enthusiasm, agitation, struggle etc by and for women always comes out of getting together in person to a huge extent.
A06 - Issues - Enjeux
we can gain much through internet information, knowledge and communication - because we can readily and quickly gain information, etc from around the world as well as nationally and locally. we can also gain ´antidote´ information - that is, info which is critical in a world where mainstream media are too often controlled by powerful individuals with their own agendas. in australia, for example, the media is ´owned´ by a few family groups - murdoch, packer, stokes ... they have stakes in all the ´big´ media - newspapers, television industry. this means that women must get info through alternative media sources.
A07 - Concretes examples - Exemples concrets
this is a priority because (as above) we cannot move forward effectively, we cannot ensure a voice in the formulation of policy, etc unless we have accurate information about what is happening ´in the world´, what government is doing and proposing, what other governments ´in the world´ are doing or proposing, what corporations locally, nationally and globally are up to!
A08 - Sources - Liens
see for example www.theburqahdebates.com/ where information is collected about the whole ´ban´ issue on cover for women, and also the demand that women cover. that site also has a list of other relevant sites. also see globalsisterhood network site which has information relevant to women which is accurate and enhances our knowledge. also jocelynne.says.it has some books listed and i can provide greater bibliography if attachments can be included.
A08-2 - Corresponding source-variables - Variables-sources associées
Information and Knowledge Variable
A09 - Concern - Intérêt
A10 - Priority for women - Priorité pour les femmes
A11 - Priority for scenarios 2025 - Priorité pour les scénarios 2025
A12 - Women or man - Femme ou homme
A13 - Age group - Tranche d´âge
A14-1 - Home region (State, region, province) - Région d´origne (Etat, région, province)
Australia and the United Kingdom
A14-2 - Area of residence (State, region, province) - Région de résidence (Etat, région, province)
United Kingdom and Australia
A15-1 - Representativeness of the analysis - Representativité de l´analyse
my own opinion
A15-2 - Number of persons concerned by this analysis - Nombre de personnes concernées par cette analyse
this is my own view, however, i am in touch with lots of women through amongst other ways, my organisation WWAFE - Women Worldwide Advancing Freedom & Equality and am also a member of a number of networks
Monographs and Edited Works.mar11.doc
Reference of document 1 - Référence du document 1
this is a list of articles and books, etc that relate to socio-poltical and legal issues in australia with application to other countries - for example, aotearoa/new zealand and with common law legal system; a number of the books (artemis women´s voices, women´s lives series) contain accounts by indigenous australian women and women of minority ethnic background (in australia)
Reference of document 2 - Référence du document 2
Reference of document 3 - Référence du document 3
Comments - Commentaires
=> Direct link Millennia2015 Variables analysis: www.millennia2015.org/37_Variables_Analysis
=> Lien direct Millennia2015 Analyse des variables : www.millennia2015.org/37_Variables_Analyses