Auteur : Millennia2025
Source : The Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
"Land is a critical issue for women; in many cases it can even be said that the question of land itself is a prism through which structural patterns of gender inequality can be revealed. Throughout the world, it is women who overwhelmingly work on the land, producing food for themselves, their families and communities. Fifty per cent of food globally is cultivated by women and this figure increases to 60-80% for countries in the developing world.
We know that women rely on the land not only to produce food, but also to generate family income and therefore to support the health care, educational and nutritional needs of their families. This relationship is vital for women in general, but becomes all the more significant when women become the single head of the household due to men's migration, divorce, abandonment or death of a spouse or male relative. Thus, the livelihoods and welfare of women is inextricably linked to their secure rights to land and when they lack secure rights to land women are vulnerable to eviction (at the hands of State, business actors or family members) and dispossession and then fall into poverty and are unable to work their way out of poverty. Further, we can see that women's secure rights to land are a precondition for their ability to enjoy many of the other rights enshrined in the CEDAW and other international human rights treaties (such as health, housing, education, participation in political and economic life, etc.).
Yet, discrimination against women in the area of land is pervasive [...]
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