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01/02/2014 Gender and rural development brief

Author: Millennia2015

Source: IFAD

 

 

IFAD_gender_rural_development

 

   

Gender and rural development brief

IFAD

 

Since the breakup of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, employment in the region has transitioned from more formal, permanent employment to part-time and time-bound work. Women are commonly over-represented in vulnerable temporary and informal jobs. Work in agriculture is the prevalent form of female employment and the largest source of income.
 
In Eastern Europe, women account for 31 per cent of the economically active population working in

agriculture. In Central Asia, the corresponding average is 40 per cent, whereas in countries like Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan it is over 60 per cent. In the Republic of Moldova, for example, 70 per cent of agricultural workers are employed in the informal sector, and 73 per cent of them are women. Women in CEN countries are mainly responsible for activities like livestock grazing, mixed cropping, horticulture, olive- farming and household food production. Gender disparities in pay exist for agricultural labourers and other rural occupations. As a result of widespread rural poverty, people often migrate for employment to urban areas and higher-income countries, which makes them vulnerable to health risks, exploitation and abuse.

 

 

=> Direct link to the 8-page report here: http://www.ifad.org/gender/pub/gender_cen.pdf

 

 

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