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01/03/2014 Removing Restrictions to Enhance Gender Equality

Author: Millennia2015

Source: The World Bank






Removing Restrictions to Enhance Gender Equality

The World Bank


Women, Business and the Law 2014: Removing Restrictions To Enhance Gender Equality finds that while 42 economies reduced legal differences between women and men, 128 out of 143 economies studied still impose legal differences on the basis of gender in at least one of the report's key indicators. The report also identifies 48 law and regulatory reforms enacted between March 2011 and April 2013 that could enhance women's economic opportunities.


In all economies, married women face more legal differentiations than unmarried women. In 25 economies, married women cannot legally choose where to live in the same way as married men, and in 29 they cannot be legally recognized as head of household in the same way as married men. The 2014 report covers new questions on issues such as gender differences in obtaining national identification cards; the use of quotas to increase women's representation on corporate boards, national parliaments and local governments; women's ownership rights in the marital home; and the number of women justices in supreme courts. The report also includes a new indicator, Protecting women from violence, which examines laws on domestic violence against women and the existence and scope of laws on sexual harassment.

The report finds that economies with greater numbers of restrictions on women's work have, on average, lower female participation in the formal labor force and have fewer firms with female participation in ownership. Conversely, economies which provide a greater measure of incentives for women to work, have greater income equality. 



=> Direct link to the 20-page report here:




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  Millennia2025 Woment and Innovation Foundation  

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