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14/04/2014

Women, Work, and the Economy: Macroeconomic Gains from Gender Equity

Auteur : Millennia2015

Source : International Monetary Fund

 

 

IMF_women_work_economy 

 

Women, Work, and the Economy: Macroeconomic Gains from Gender Equity

International Monetary Fund

 

Women make up a little over half the world's population, but their contribution to measured economic activity, growth, and well-being is far below its potential, with serious macroeconomic consequences.

 

Despite significant progress in recent decades, labor markets across the world remain divided along gender lines, and progress toward gender equality seems to have stalled. Female labor force participation (FLFP) has remained lower than male participation, women account for most unpaid work,and when women are employed in paid work, they are overrepresented in the informal sector and among the poor. They also face significant wage differentials vis-à-vis their male colleagues. In many countries, distortions and discrimination in the labor market restrict women's options for paid work, and female representation in senior positions and entrepreneurship remains low.

The challenges of growth, job creation, and inclusion are closely intertwined. While growth and stability are necessary to give women the opportunities they need, women's participation in the labor market is also a part of the growth and stability equation. In particular, in rapidly aging economies, higher femaleblabor force participation can boost growth by mitigating the impact of a shrinking workforce. Better opportunities for women can also contribute to broader economic development in developing economies, for instance through higher levels of school enrollment for girls.

 

=> Direct link to the 32-page report here: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sdn/2013/sdn1310.pdf

 

 

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