Auteur : Millennia2025
Source : World Health Organization - UNICEF
As we approach the Millennium Development Goals deadline, the lessons, successes and remaining challenges are becoming increasingly clear. This report highlights what we have achieved on water and sanitation, and where we need to accelerate efforts.
The good news is that since 1990 well over 2 billion people have gained access to improved sources of drinking water, and 116 countries have met the MDG target for water. Almost 2 billion people gained access to improved sanitation and 77 countries have met the MDG target. More than half the world's population, almost 4 billion people, now enjoy the highest level of water access: a piped water connection at their homes.
But much remains to be done. More than 700 million people still lack ready access to improved sources of drinking water; nearly half are in sub-Saharan Africa. More than one third of the global population – some 2.5 billion people — do not use an improved sanitation facility, and of these 1 billion people still practice open defecation.
These figures – and these realities demand that we break the silence and expand awareness of what needs to be done. Where efforts are made, progress is possible. Between 1990 and 2012, open defecation decreased from 24 per cent to 14 per cent globally. South Asia saw the largest decline, from 65 per cent to 38 per cent. Some countries stand out as examples. Efforts undertaken in Ethiopia have seen a decrease from 92 per cent to 37 per cent. Cambodia and Nepal have experienced similar declines.
But while we can record successes on open defecation, sanitation and water, this report highlights stark disparities across regions, between urban and rural areas, and between the rich and the poor and marginalized. The vast majority of those without sanitation are poorer people living in rural areas. Yet, progress on sanitation has often increased inequality by primarily benefitting wealthier people.
Achieving a world of dignity for all requires that we fashion a post-2015 development framework that will eliminate these disparities. No one should lack safe water and a hygienic toilet. This report demonstrates that, with concerted efforts, water and sanitation for all is attainable. Let us commit to work together for this most essential of objectives.
Jan Eliasson, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations
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