The Maternity and paternity at work: Law and practice across the world report reviews national legislative provisions on maternity protection at work in 185 countries and territories (including leave, benefits, employment protection, health protection, breastfeeding arrangements at work and childcare), statistical coverage in law and in practice of paid maternity leave as well as statutory provision of paternity, parental and adoption leaves. It shows how well national laws and practice conform to the ILO Maternity Protection Convention, 2000 (No.183), its accompanying Recommendation (No.191) and the Workers with Family Responsibilities Convention, 1981 (No.156). The report is based on the ILO Working Conditions Laws Database – Maternity Protection and an ILO statistical methodology to estimate coverage in law and in practice.
The first part of the study covers four key aspects of maternity leave provisions, in Chapter 2: the duration, the benefit paid; the source of funding and the scope. It compares the legal provisions in 185 countries and territories with the most recent ILO standards, both separately and combined by region. This assessment shows, within the limitations of the data available, that globally 34 per cent (57 countries) fully meet the requirements of Convention No.183 on three key aspects: they pro- vide for at least 14 weeks of leave at a rate of at least two- thirds of previous earnings, paid by social insurance or public funds or in a manner determined by national law and practice where the employer is not solely responsible for payment. The regions with the highest proportion of countries in conformity with these aspects of the Convention are Eastern Europe and Central Asia and the Developed Economies. Conformity is particularly low in Asia and the Middle East, while not more than 20 per cent of the total meets the standards in Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean.