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09/06/2014

The gender pay gap in public services

Auteur : Millennia2025

Source : Lionel Fulton

 

 

 The gender pay gap in public services

The overall gender pay gap Statistics from both Eurostat, the official European statistical office, and the individual national statistical offices make it clear that there is a gender pay gap in Europe as a whole. Defined by Eurostat on the basis of hourly earnings and as the gap between men's and women's earnings as a percentage of men's, this gap averages 16% across the EU. It ranges from a gap of more than a quarter (27%) in Estonia to around a fiftieth (2%) in Slovenia. The latest figures from Eurostat suggest that at least until 2010, the gender pay gap appears to have been narrowing. However, there was no further progress in 2011.
 
This report points to some of the key factors: segregation in the labour market, both within industries (including the fact that there are fewer female managers) and between industries, where women are found in low- paid sectors; part time work, which is less-well paid; the impact of maternity, education and age; and structural discrimination. The report also points out that the gender pay gap is not the only indicator of gender equality and that a narrow gap can also occur when women's labour market participation is low. 

 => Direct link to the 29 pages report:
       http://www.epsu.org/IMG/pdf/Gender_pay_gap_FINAL_report.pdf

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