Some of the principles outlined in this note are also applicable to UN engagement with regard to reparations for victims of sexual and gender based violence outside a conflict or post-conflict situation, as well as to victims of other violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law. The focus on sexual violence in this note is intended to recognize the need for approaches to reparation that are specifically tailored to the consequences, sensitivity and stigmas attached to these harms in societies globally, and to the specific needs of sexual and gender-based violence survivors.
The Note uses the definition of conflict-related sexual violence developed in the UN Analytical and Conceptual Framing of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence.
According to this definition, conflict-related sexual violence refers to incidents or patterns of sexual violence against women, men, girls or boys occurring in a conflict or post-conflict setting that have direct or indirect links with the conflict itself or that occur in other situations of concern such as in the context of political repression.
Conflict-related sexual violence takes multiple forms such as, inter alia, rape, forced pregnancy, forced sterilization, forced abortion, forced prostitution, sexual exploitation,...