On the eve of International Women's Day, just 24 days after the 1979 revolution was declared victorious and a constitution was yet to be adopted, the revolutionary leader, Ayatollah Khomeini banned the entry of women without hijab into government offices. Although thousands of women in Tehran showed their opposition through three days of demonstrations, by 1982 Islamic hijab was in full enforcement.
Iran is the first country where all women are forced by law to observe hijab laws. Without espousing a clear definition of hijab, Islamic Republic laws consider women who lack “Islamic veil” in “public” as committing a crime punishable by imprisonment and fines. Based on Sharia laws, Islamic hijab implies covering hair and the entire body except for wrists and hands. However, a failure to observe hijab as determined by security or other official forces involve many other instances. For instance, certain choices of clothing colour, the tightness of outfits and even boots have been deemed as violations. However, these are not the only criteria, and the standards have varied from time to time. In fact, most forms of fashion that are in season are considered violations of Islamic hijab and are banned. port calls on Iran to lift mandatory hijab laws and safeguard girls' and women's rights to education, work, participation in cultural life, access to public services, and freedom of movement.