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09/10/2014

Abortion Policies and Reproductive Health around the World

Auteur : Millennia2025

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division

 

Abortion Policies and Reproductive Health around the World 

The Programme of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) broadly defined reproductive health to include all matters relating to the well-being of the reproductive system and its functions and processes. It envisioned that every sexual interaction should be free of coercion and infection, every pregnancy should be intended, and every delivery and childbirth should be healthy. The Programme of Action emphasized the rights of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children, the right to information and access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of family planning of their choice, as well as the right of access to appropriate health-care services that ensured safe and healthy pregnancy and childbirth. 

 

The Programme of Action underscored the importance of preventing and managing unsafe abortions and providing services for safe abortion where it is not against the law. It also urged Governments to prioritize the prevention of unwanted pregnancies, so as to eliminate the need for abortion. It called upon all Governments and relevant organizations to “deal with the health impact of unsafe abortion as a major public health concern” and stated that “[i]n all cases, women should have access to quality services for the management of complications arising from abortion”. Since the ICPD, many Governments have modified legal provisions for abortion and strengthened programmes to provide safe abortion services and post-abortion care, as well as adopted a variety of policies and programmes to improve reproductive health services and outcomes. 

 => Direct link to the 52 pages report:
http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/policy/AbortionPoliciesReproductiveHealth.pdf

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